Offset of a Custom Wheel, FWD and RWD
The initials "FWD" (front wheel drive) and "RWD" (rear wheel drive) are also terms used for the "offset" of a wheel.
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The offset of a wheel is the distance from the hub mounting surface (see diagram below) on the car axle side to the true centerline of the
The hub also known as the bearing tube runs down through the wheel center and a hub mounting surface refers to the back side of the wheel hub that touches the disk/ drum.
Many of the large wheel manufacturers such as Chip Foose, Eagle Alloy and Crager list the offset of their wheels.
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This information along with the backspacing measurement is useful in determining what wheel will fit your vehicle.
Zero Offset of a wheel
Zero offset of a wheel means that the wheel center and wheel hub mounting surface measurements to both outer rims of a wheel are equal.
Positive Offset of a wheel
Positive offset means the mounting surface of the wheel is positioned in front or street side of the true centerline of the rim. Positive offset wheels are generally found on front-wheel drive (FWD) and some newer trucks.
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Negative Offset of a wheel
Negative offset of a wheel means that the mounting surface of the wheel is positioned closer to the disk/drum, axle or behind the centerline of the wheel and is commonly referred to as a deep dish wheel. This offset is common in older vehicles.
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Custom Wheel Adapters & Spacers
You should become familiar with some of the technical terms all manufacturers
such as American Racing, Akuza and Konig and our Custom Wheels n Rims Sponsors use to describe custom wheels and custom rims.
Click on the links provided below for more Wheel Tech Articles.
Custom Wheels and Rims Technical Articles
All Wheel Tech Articles
Which wheels or rims fit your vehicle? Technical articles on custom wheel backspace, center bore, measuring lug bolt patterns, offset, plus sizing, torque, wheel construction, wheel spacers and adapters.
Wheel Backspace! Understanding custom wheels and rims backspacing.
Wheel Bolt Patterns
Wheel lug bolt patterns! Understanding custom wheels and rims bolt patterns.
Centerbore, hub centric wheels, lug centric wheels and hub rings! Understanding center bore, hub centric wheels, lug centric wheels and hub rings.
Wheel construction! Construction techniques for cast, forged and billet
aluminum custom wheels and rims.
Wheel Plus Sizing
Plus sizing your wheel & tire combination! Understanding custom wheel and tire plus sizing for your car or truck.
Wheel Spacers and Adapters
Wheel spacers and adapters! Understanding custom wheel and rim spacers and adapters for your car or truck.
Proper wheel lug nut Torque! Proper lug nut torque specifications for your custom rims.
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